The effect of joint surface contours and glass fiber reinforcement onthe transverse strength of repaired acrylic resin: An in vitro study

Nayana Anasane, Yogesh Ahirrao, Deepa Chitnis, Suresh Meshram


Background: Denture fracture is an unresolved problem in complete denture prosthodontics. However, the repaired denture often experiences a refracture at the repaired site due to poor transverse strength. Hence, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of joint surface contoursand glass fiber reinforcement on the transverse strength of repaired acrylic resins.

Materials and Methods: A total of 135 specimens of heat polymerized polymethyl methacrylate resin of dimensions 64 × 10 × 2.5 mm were fabricated. Fifteen intact specimens served as the controland 120 test specimens were divided into four groups (30 specimens each), depending upon thejoint surface contour (butt, bevel, rabbet and round), with two subgroups based on type of therepair. Half of the specimens were repaired with plain repair resin and the other half with glass fibersreinforced repair resin. Transverse strength of the specimens was determined using three‑point

bending test. The results were analyzed using one‑way ANOVA and Tukey posthoc test (á= 0.05). Results: Transverse strength values for all repaired groups were significantly lower than those for the control group (P < 0.001) (88.77 MPa), with exception of round surface design repaired with glass fiber reinforced repair resin (89.92 MPa) which was significantly superior to the otherjoint surface contours (P < 0.001). Glass fiber reinforced resin significantly improved the repaireddenture base resins as compared to the plain repair resin (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Specimens repaired with glass fiber reinforced resin and round surface design exhibited highest transverse strength; hence, it can be advocated for repair of denture base resins.

Key Words: Denture fracture, denture repair, transverse strength

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