Comparative assessment of soft-tissue changes in Class II Division 1 patients following extraction and non-extraction treatment

Sneh Lata Verma, Vijay Prakash Sharma, Gyan Prakash Singh, Kiran Sachan


Background: The extraction of teeth for orthodontic purpose has always been a controversial

subject in the speciality. The aesthetics impact of the soft-tissue profile might play a key role in

deciding on premolar extraction or non-extraction (NE) treatment, particularly in borderline

patients. The purpose of this cephalometric study was to examine the soft-tissue treatment effects of Class II Division 1 malocclusion undergoing extraction of all first premolars in comparison with patients undergoing treatment with a NE approach.

Materials and Methods: Hundred post-pubertal female patients of Class II Division 1

malocclusion were selected. Group 1, treated with four first premolar extractions, consisted of

50 female patients with a mean age of 14 years 1 month. Group 2, treated without extractions,

consisted of 50 patients with a mean age of 13 years 5 months. Pre-treatment and post-treatment lateral cephalograms of the patients were obtained. The pre-treatment and post-treatment stage comparison and the intergroup comparison of the treatment changes were conducted between extraction and NE groups of Class II malocclusion samples with t tests. The levels of significance tested were P < 0.05 and P < 0.01.

Results: The main soft-tissue differences between the groups at the end of treatment were a more retruded lower lip and a more pronounced lower labial sulcus in those patients subjected to extraction.

Conclusion: In Class II Division 1 patients, the extraction or NE decision, if based on sound

diagnostic criteria, seems to have no systematic detrimental effects on the facial profile.

Key Words: Borderline extraction- NE subjects and standard edgewise mechanics,

dentoskeletal changes, extraction- NE subjects and Class II Division 1, soft-tissue profile

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.