Infl ammatory response of canine gingiva to a chemical retraction agent placed at different time intervals

Asadallah Ahmadzadeh, Naim Erfani Majd, Joseph Chasteen, Azita Kaviani, Mohammad Amin Kavoosi


Background: Exposure of the gingival sulcus while controlling hemorrhage is prerequisites for

maximizing treatment outcomes of cervical carious lesions and for obtaining quality impressions

for the fabrication of indirect restorations with cervical fi nish lines. Gingival retraction cords

saturated with different chemical agents are widely used for this purpose. The aim of this study

was to investigate and compare the infl ammatory potential of 15.5%ferric sulfate on connective

tissue when placed at different times.

Materials and Methods: All procedures were performed on three dogs under general anesthesia.

Retraction cords saturated with a 15.5% ferric sulfate solution were placed into the gingival sulcus

and evaluated after 3 min and 10 min of exposure to the chemical agent. Excisional biopsies of the

exposed gingival tissue were then obtained at intervals of 1 h, 24 h, and 7 days. For all specimens,

histology evaluation was performed using light microscopy. Data collected from the microscopic

images of all tissue specimens were analyzed by using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank and Kruskal-Wallis

Tests. P value less than 0.05 was considered as signifi cant.

Results: Histopathologic examination of the biopsied gingival tissue revealed that the ferric sulfate

solution caused signifi cant tissue changes at the beginning of both the 3-min and 10-min gingival

exposure time (P > 0.05). However, the tissue returned to a normal histological appearance by the

end of day 7 in all cases (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that the biologic effects of 15.5% ferric sulfate

solution are clinically acceptable and reliable when gingival exposure times of 3 min and 10 min

are used for gingival retraction.

Key Words: Cord, ferric sulfate, retraction

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