Shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets after acid-etched and erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser-etched

Shiva Alavi, Reza Birang, Fatemeh Hajizadeh


Background: Laser ablation has been suggested as an alternative method to acid etching; however, previous studies have obtained contrasting results. The purpose of this study was to compare the
shear bond strength (SBS) and fracture mode of orthodontic brackets that are bonded to enamel etched with acid and erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental in vitro study, buccal surfaces of 15 non-carious human premolars were divided into mesial and distal regions. Randomly, one of the regions was etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 15 s and another region irradiated with Er:YAG laser at 100 mJ
energy and 20 Hz frequency for 20 s. Stainless steel brackets were then bonded using Transbond XT, following which all the samples were stored in distilled water for 24 h and then subjected to 500 thermal cycles. SBS was tested by a chisel edge, mounted on the crosshead of universal testing
machine. After debonding, the teeth were examined under ×10 magnifi cation and adhesive remnant
index (ARI) score determined. SBS and ARI scores of the two groups were then compared using t-test and Mann-Whitney U test. Signifi cant level was set at P < 0.05.
Results: The mean SBS of the laser group (16.61 ± 7.7 MPa) was not signifi cantly different from that of the acid-etched group (18.86 ± 6.09 MPa) (P = 0.41). There was no signifi cant difference in
the ARI scores between two groups (P = 0.08). However, in the laser group, more adhesive remained on the brackets, which is not suitable for orthodontic purposes.
Conclusion: Laser etching at 100 mJ energy produced bond strength similar to acid etching.
Therefore, Er:YAG laser may be an alternative method for conventional acid-etching.
Key Words: Bond strength, dental acid etching, erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser, orthodontic bracket

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