Effects of low-intensity laser therapy on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement: A clinical trial

Ankur Kansal, Nandan Kittur, Vinayak Kumbhojkar, Kanhoba Mahabaleshwar Keluskar, Parveen Dahiya


Background: Low-intensity laser therapy (LILT) can be utilized for different treatments in the fi eld
of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the
effi cacy of LILT on (1) the rate of canine movement during canine retraction phase and (2) evaluate
the radiographic changes occurring during LILT around the irradiated area.
Materials and Methods: A total of 10 patients of both genders were included for this study. One
quadrant of the upper arch was considered control group (CG) and received mechanical activation
of the canine teeth with 150 g. The opposite quadrant received the same mechanical activation
and was also irradiated with a diode emitting light (gallium-arsenide laser) at 904 nm, for 10 s at
12 mW, at 4.2 J/cm2. Laser application was done on 1st day, 3rd, 7th, 14th, 21th, 28th, 35th, 42nd, 49th, 56th
day respectively during the canine retraction phase. Distance was measured on 1st day, 35th day and
63rd day and appliance activation was done on 1st and 35th day. Results were analyzed using t-test
with the signifi cance level set at P < 0.01.
Results: Mean value obtained from 1st to 63rd day was 3.30 ± 2.36 mm for CG and 3.53 ± 2.30
mm for laser group (LG).
Conclusion: There was no statistically signifi cant difference in the rate of tooth movement during
canine retraction between the LG and the CG. There was no evidence of any pathologic changes
in the radiograph following LILT.
Key Words: Bone remodeling, canine retraction, gallium-arsenide diode laser, orthodontic
tooth movement

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