Evaluation of craniofacial proportions: A pilot study

Saied Sadeghian, Ali Mohammad Kalantar Motamedi, Alireza Haerian, Elahe Rafiei


Background: Regarding the need for determining the cephalometric norms for each population

and the advantages of proportional analyses, we evaluated the variables of McNamara and Schwartz

analyses and their relation in a pilot study on 6-17 years old Iranian students and provided formulas,

which show these relations.

Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, a tatal of cephalometric radiographs

from the archive documents of Orthodontic Department of Isfahan Dental School was selected

and traced. The variables of McNamara and Schwartz analyses were investigated. The data were

analyzed by t-test and linear regression and Spearman correlation coeffi cient tests using SPSS 12

software, and the signifi cance was set at 0.05. Then, a formula was suggested for predicting the

relation between the jaws, cranium and face.

Results: The variables measured in this study were signifi cantly different between the genders (P <

0.05), except for Co-Gn (P = 0.055), and they were higher in boys. All variables signifi cantly increased (P

< 0.05) with age from 6 to 17 years. The formulas presented in this study can be used for calculating the

amount of PNS-APmax, Go-APman and the Co-Gn, anterior nasal spine-menton in the Iranian population.

Conclusion: Within the limitation of this study, the formula presented in this study might be

considered to predict the relation between jaw dimensions and cranial base and facial dimensions

in the Iranian population.

Key Words: Analysis, cephalometry, orthodontics

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