Expression of Bcl-2 and epithelial growth factor receptor proteins in keratocystic odontogenic tumor in comparison with dentigerous cyst and ameloblastoma

Seyed Mohammad Razavi, Nakisa Torabinia, Mohammad Reza Mohajeri, Shahriyar Shahriyary, Shirin Ghalegolab, Samin Nouri


Background: Keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) is a developmental odontogenic cyst on

which various investigations have been focused due to its biological activities, high tendency to recur

and different growth mechanisms in comparison with other cystic lesions. Previous studies have

shown different biological and proliferative activities for the lining epithelium of KCOT. The aim

of this study was immunohistochemical evaluation of Bcl-2 and epidermal growth factor receptor

(EGFR) expression in KCOT compared with dentigerous cyst and ameloblastoma.

Materials and Methods: Formalin-fi xed and paraffi n-embedded tissue sections of 16 cases of

KCOT, 16 cases of dentigerous cyst and 16 cases of ameloblastoma were immunohistochemically

analyzed to determine Bcl-2 and EGFR proteins’ expression. Biotin-Stereotavidin method was used.

It was observed by two oral pathologists separately, and the data were analyzed by Mann–Whitney

and Kruskul–Wallis. P < 0.05 was considered as signifi cant.

Results: Regardless of staining intensity, all cases of ameloblastoma and KCOT except dentigerous

cases were positively stained for Bcl-2. Expression of Bcl-2 was higher in the peripheral layer of

ameloblastoma and basal layer of KCOT. Furthermore, all cases of ameloblastoma and dentigerous

cysts except KCOT samples were positively stained for EGFR. Expression of EGFR was higher in

the peripheral layer of ameloblastoma and basal layer of dentigerous cysts.

Conclusion: According to the expression of — Bcl-2 in ameloblastoma and KCOT, and no

expression of EGFR in KCOT, it can be concluded that the biological activity and growth mechanisms

of KCOT are different compared with other cystic lesions. However, the aggressive potential of

KCOT is not as severe as that of a neoplasm such as ameloblastoma.

Key Words: Ameloblastoma, Bcl-2 protein, dentigerous cyst, epiderm, growth factor, epidermal growth factor receptor, immunohistochemistry, odontogenic tumor

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