Periodontal changes following molar intrusion with miniscrews

Shahin Bayani, Farzin Heravi, Mehrdad Radvar, Najmeh Anbiaee, Azam Sadat Madani Madani


Background: With the introduction of skeletal anchorage system, recently it is possible tosuccessfully intrude molar teeth. On the other hand, there have been concerns about periodontal changes associated with intrusion and there are few studies on this topic, especially for posterior
Materials and Methods: Ten female patients were enrolled in this study. Maxillary molar intrusion was achieved by inserting two miniscrews and a 17 × 25 titanium molybdenum alloy spring. Crestal height changes were evaluated at three intervals including: Baseline (T0), end of active treatment (T1) and 6 months after retention (T2). Other variables including probing depth, gingival recession, attachment level and bleeding on probing were evaluated by clinical measurements in the three above mentioned intervals. One-sample Kolmogrov-Smirnov test ascertained the normality of the
data. For all patients, the changes in tooth position and crestal height were evaluated using onesample
t-test. (P < 0.05)
Results: Supra-erupted molars were successfully intruded a mean of 2.1 ± 0.9 mm during active
treatment (T0-T1). A mean bone resorption of 0.9 ± 0.9 mm in mesial crest and 1 ± 0.8 mm in distal
crest had occurred in total treatment (T0-T2). A mean of 0.6 ± 1.4 mm bone was deposited on mesial crest during the retention period (T1-T2) following tooth relapse. On average, 0.8 ± 0.4 mm
attachment gain was obtained. Gingival margin coronalized a mean of 0.8 ± 0.6 mm throughout the entire treatment. Probing depth showed no signifi cant change during treatment.
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, these results suggest that not only periodontal status was not negatively affected by intrusion, but also there were signs of periodontal improvement including attachment gain and shortening of clinical crown height.
Key Words: Molar, periodontal changes, tooth intrusion

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