Effects of three surface conditioning techniques on repair bond strength of nanohybrid and nanofi lled composites

Negin Nassoohi, Haleh Kazemi, Morad Sadaghiani, Mona Mansouri, Vahid Rakhshan


Background: Repair bond strength of different composite resins has been assessed in few studies.

In addition, reports on the effi cacy of surface treatments are debated. Therefore, this in vitro study

was conducted to evaluate the effect of three surface treatments on two nanocomposites versus

a microhybrid composite.

Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 135 composite blocks (45 specimens per

composite) of microhybrid (Filtek Supreme Z250, 3M ESPE, USA), nanohybrid (Filtek Supreme XT,

3M ESPE), and nanofi lled (Filtek Supreme Z350, 3M ESPE) were thermocycled (5000 rounds) and

then surface roughened (except in a control group of 9 specimens of three composite types).

Each composite type was divided into three subgroups of surface treatments: (1) Bur abrading

and phosphoric acid (PA) etching, (2) sandblasting and PA etching, and (3) hydrofl uoric etching and

silane application (n = 15 × 9, complying with ISO TR11405). Composite blocks were repaired with

the same composite type but of a different color. Microtensile bond strength and modes of failure

were analyzed statistically using two-way analyses of variance, Tukey and Chi-square tests (α = 0.05).

Results: There were signifi cant differences between three composite resins (P < 0.0001) and

treatment techniques (P < 0.0001). Their interaction was nonsignifi cant (P = 0.228). The difference

between nanofi lled and nanohybrid was not signifi cant. However, the microhybrid composite showed

a signifi cantly higher bond strength (Tukey P < 0.05). Sandblasting was signifi cantly superior to the

other two methods, which were not different from each other.

Conclusion: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, it seems that microhybrid composite might

have higher repair strengths than two evaluated nanocomposites. Among the assessed preparation

techniques, sandblasting followed by PA etching might produce the highest bond strength.

Key Words: Acid etching, air abrasion, composite resins, dental, dental adhesives, tensile strength

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