Bond strength of locator housing attached to denture base resin secured with different retaining materials

Mohammadreza Nakhae, Hossin Dashti, Atefe Baghbani, Zahra Ahmadi


Background: The type of housing retaining material may affect the bond strength of the housing
to denture base resin. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the bond strength of locator
housing attached to polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture base resin secured with different
retaining materials.
Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study Forty‑four PMMA blocks (10 mm × 15 mm × 15 mm)
were prepared with a central cylindrical canal inside to allow the insertion of locator housings. The
prepared specimens were then randomly divided into four groups (n = 11). Each group received
one of the following retaining materials for housing insertion: Auto‑polymerized acrylic resin
(APAR), auto‑polymerized composite resin (Quick up), application of alloy primer on titanium
housing plus Quick up (AL‑Quick), and heat‑polymerized acrylic resin (HPAR). The specimens were
thermocycled 5000 times between 5°C and 55°C, followed by 1000 cycles of vertical insertion
separation on the locator abutment. A push‑out force was applied on the flat back surface of the
housing after which the failure and shear bond strength values were calculated. The data were
analyzed using one way‑ANOVA and Games‑Howell test (α = 0.05).
Results: HPAR group had significantly higher shear bond strength values compared to the other groups
(P < 0.05). No significant differences were found among the other remaining material groups (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: Inserting of locator housing using HPAR resulted in higher bond strength between
housing and denture base resin. The application of alloy primer did not improve the bond strength
of locator housing which was retained with “Quick up”.


Attachment denture, bond strength, overdenture

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