Knowledge, attitude, and expertise of nurses in intensive care unit regarding oral and dental care in hospitalized patients.

Abbas Haghighat, Iman Mohammadi, Bahareh Tahani, Farshad Teimoori

Abstract


Background: The purpose of this study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and
practice of intensive care unit (ICU) nurses about oral and dental care in hospitalized patients.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive‑analytic study, the statistical population included
214 nurses working in the ICU of the affiliated hospitals of Isfahan University in 1394. The level of
knowledge, attitude, and practice of ICU nurses was assessed using questionnaires whose justifiability
and stability were verified at the beginning of the study with a pilot study. Data were entered into
SPSS software and tested by t‑test, Spearman, one‑way variance, and least significant difference test.
The significance level was < 0.05.
Results: The data of this study showed that the score of knowledge and performance in male
nurses was significantly different from female nurses. There was a significant relationship between
nurse’s education and their knowledge score (P < 0.001). Furthermore, the performance score of
nurses working in different parts was different too (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: The findings showed that the knowledge and performance of female nurses about
oral care were higher than men, but the attitude of the two sexes is almost the same. Nurses with
lower educational degree had less knowledge, but their attitude and performance did not differ.
The performance score of nurses working in ICU was different, but they had similar knowledge
and attitudes.
Key Words: Intensive care unit, nurse, oral care


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