Evaluation of the efficacy of Echinacea on clinical indices of Erosive Oral Lichen Planus: A randomized double‑blind clinical trial

Zahra Saberi, Mahsa Etemadi, Elham Faghihian


Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic immune‑mediated mucocutaneous disorder,
with an unknown etiology. Since, both pain and discomfort are observed in patients with the erosive
type, many drugs have been studied to alleviate pain and clinical symptoms. The present study aimed
to assess the effectiveness of systemic Echinacea on clinical indices of OLP.
Materials and Methods: In this randomized, double‑blind, placebo‑controlled trial, 70 patients
with erosive OLP were randomly divided into two groups, and each was treated with Echinacea
tablets or placebo, 3 times a day, for 35 days. In addition, betamethasone lotion (0.1%) or nystatin
(100,000 units) mouthwash were used by patients. The pain severity (visual analog scale [VAS]),
lesion size, and the number of lesions were assessed at baseline and on days 10, 25, and 35 after
study initiation. Finally, the obtained data were analyzed by statistical software, and Mann–Whitney
test, Wilcoxon test, KaplanMeier, Chi‑squared, and paired t‑test.
Results: The VAS scores in the Echinacea group were significantly reduced at each visit compared
to the placebo group (P < 0.001). We observed a significant difference between the two
groups (P < 0.01).
Conclusion: We showed that Echinacea is an effective and complementary therapy for OLP.
Furthermore, in short‑term usage, Echinacea is almost completely tolerable.
Key Words: Echinacea purpurea, lichen planus, visual analog scale pain, wound healing

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