Study of occlusal characteristics of primary dentition and the prevalence of maloclusion in 4 to 6 years old children in India

Deepak P Bhayya, Tarulatha R Shyagali, Uma B Dixit, Shiva Prakash


Background: To assess the prevalence of malocclusion and to determine the different occlusal characteristics in primary dentition of 4 to 6 years old children in India.

Materials and Methods: The target population comprised 4 to 6 years old children attending different nursery, kindergarten and primary schools of Bagalkot city. Stratifi ed cluster random sampling procedure was executed to collect the representative sample. Each subject was assessed for various occlusal characteristics.

Results: Occlusal characteristic found were fl ush terminal plane (52.5%), class I canine relationship (84%), maxillary developmental spaces (35.4%), primate spaces in maxilla (47.6%), mandibular crowding (4.6%), mandibular midline shift (5.6%), anterior multiple tooth crossbite (1.3%), scissors bite (0.6%), anterior open bite (1%), over bite of 0-2 mm (81.6%) and overjet of 0-2 mm (84.5%). The age wise difference for the occlusal characteristics was statistically signifi cant.

Conclusions: The data revealed that most of the children had malocclusion. This highlights the importance of identifying children who are in need of orthodontic treatment for dental health or aesthetic reasons.

Key Words: Occlusion, malocclusion, prevalence, primary dentition

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.